Early days of Mumtaz
A legendary queen, Mumtaz Mahal was famed for her astounding beauty and innocence. Once popular with a name called Arjumand Banu Begum, she was born on 1593 into a royal and noble family in Agra and brought up with imperial caring and affection from her parents. She was the beloved daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, the most reputed king known for his bravery and gutsy and niece of Queen Nur Jahan. Mumtaz was truly a shia Muslim and used to go in a mosque daily to pray.
Passionate love of Mumtaz with Shah Jahan
She was at only 14 when she has fallen in love with prince Khurram. He was young, dashing and intelligent king. For the sake of love, she used to wait for five years to get married with Shah Jahan until 1612 AD. Meanwhile, she used to meet with Shah Jahan in gardens for sharing thoughts and love for him. At that time, love was on the air. Her appealing beauty made him crazy. And soon, they tied into one thread in the year 1612.
A royal marriage
She tied into a wedding relationship with Shah Jahan in 1612 with royal styles. By now, she was 19 and he, 20. It was a grand wedding in which all imperial kings were invited. Khurram sited on a decorated elephant to homage his refinement and bravery and later then, he was taken in a procession with a noble way. Interesting performances of renowned musicians, dancers and acrobats doubled up the glory the wedding.
A twist in love
Shah Jahan went into a big shock after the demise of Mumtaz Mahal in 1631 at the time of her 14th delivery. She just faced death as a beautiful daughter came from her. While taking last breath on bed she made a request to shah Jahan to build a monument which would remain as a symbol of love forever.
True to his words with Mumtaz, Shah Jahan has attempted full of its money and power to create the most wonderful monument in India known as Taj Mahal. It is a jewel of Muslim art. Best architects and artists were hired by him to construct it. It was marvelously finished within 22 years with the assistance of thousands of artists and architects. Today, the elegance of beauty made it as a UNISCO world heritage sites.
The year 1607 was a momentous year for Prince Khurram, the eldest son of Emperor Jahangir and his father's favourite. He was a young handsome prince accustomed to luxury and refinement. As he made his way to the Meena bazaar, the private market attached to the harem, he was surrounded by a string of fawning companions, all eager to catch his eye. Even at 15, young Khurram cut a dashing figure with his father's aristocratic nose, high forehead and large languid eyes. Every maid at the bazaar carried a torch for him.
The Flame is Lit
Arjumand Banu sat with her silks and glass beads at her shop. She was the daughter of Asaf Khan, the brother of the emperor Jahangir's consort, Noorjahan. Exquisitely pretty, Khurram was drawn to her. He saw a piece of glass at her stall and asked its worth. When she saucily replied that it was diamond and not glass he gave her ten thousand rupees (a sum she boldly said he could not afford), picked up the piece of glass and left carryimg with him her image in his mind.
The next day Khurram boldly presented his case before the Emperor seeking Arjumand's hand in marriage. The Emperor raised his hand in assent, perhaps recalling his own love for Noorjahan. However, five years were to pass before Khurram was to marry his beloved. Meanwhile, he was married to Quandari Begum, a Persian princess, for political reasons.
A Royal Marriage
The astrologers chose 1612 as auspicious for Khurranb's union with Arjumand. By now he was 20, and she, 19. It was a grand wedding, as befits an Emperor's son. Jahangir and Khurram went in procession, surrounded by nobles, musicians and dancers, acrobats, rare animals in cages, slaves and priests. Jahangir himself adorned Khurram with the wedding wreath of pearls. On the bride, he bestowed great honours.
A Perfect match
Deeply influenced by her aunt, Noorjahan, Arjumand Banu was, unlike her aunt, compassionate, generous and demure. Court poets woud celebrate her beauty saying the moon hid in shame before her. She was inseparable from Khurram and often accompanied him with an entourage when he went to fight wars. In her 19 years of marriage, she bore him 14 children, 7 of whom died in infancy.
After Jahangir's death, Khurram became Shah Jahan and Arjumand Banu, Mumtaz Mahal. He built sumptuous palaces for her, for instance, the Khas Mahal in Agra fort. She daily rose in his confidence eventually giving her the royal seal, Muhr Uzah. She continually interceded on behalf of petitioners and gave allowances to widows and orphans. Like many royal ladies, she also had nerves of steel. She is said to have enjoyed the spectacle of men in combat with animals. Shah Jahan is believed to have persecuted the Portuguese at Hooghly at her behest.
Death of a Dream
Mumtaz Mahal died in childbirth in 1630 ib the Deccan where she had gone accompanying Shah Jahan as he went to war with Khan Jahanb Lodi. As she lay on her death bed, it is said that she whispered to him to build for her a monument that would symbolize the beauty of their love. For a week Shah Jahan remained behind closed doors. When he emerged his hair had turned white, his back was bent, his face worn with despair. The entire kingdom was ordered into mourning for two years.
Tribute to Beauty
As a tribute to a beautiful woman and as a monument to enduring love, the Taj reveals its subtleties at leisure. The rectangular base of Taj is in itself symbolic of the different sides from which to view a beautiful woman. The main gate is like a veil to a woman's face which should be lifted delicately, gently and without haste on the wedding night. Shah Jahan surely had his chaste and exquisite bride in mind when he planned the Taj Mahal.